- It is a population control policy taken out by the People's Republic of China to reduce the country's birth rate and slow the population growth rate.
- It decreed that couples could only have one child.
Reason for introducing this policy
- During the 1950s, the rate of population change each year was 1.9%. In other words, a growth rate of 3% will result in the doubling of population within 24 years.
- While previous governments encouraged citizens to have a lot of babies to increase the country's workforce, by the 1970s, they realised that the current rates of population growth would soon be unsustainable
- Ethnic minorities like Uighurs and Tibetans are exempted.
- Families in the countryside are permitted to have a second child if their first is a girl.
- Recently, couples that were the only child themselves were allowed to apply for more kids.
- Increased access to education for all
- Childcare and health care offered
- The Policy was keenly resisted in the rural areas, where is was a tradition to have large families.
- In urban areas, the policy has been enforced strictly but remote rural areas have been harder to control.
Punishments for breaking the policy
- Women are regularly inspected to check if they are pregnant and if found to be in breach, they may suffer from forced abortions and even sterilization.
- Those who are caught can opt to pay a social upbringing fee, usually a multiple of the average income in the City where the child is born, designed to cover the education and healthcare costs.
- The birth rate has fallen since 1979, with the rate of population growth being 0.7%.
- Due to traditional preferences for boys, large number of female babies ended up homeless or in the orphanage, even killed in some cases, In 2000, it was reported that 90% of the fetuses aborted were females.
- As a result, the gender balance of the Chinese have became distorted.
Thoughts on it
- If the parents gave birth to a girl, they will treat the girl very badly as most want a boy since he can pass down the surname of each family. The girl might be mistreated by her parents and this will cause her to have childhood depression and grow up to be a low self esteem woman.
- There are certain advantages that one child policy have brought to China, this is an undeniable fact. However, at the same time, we need to probe about the gender imbalance issue that has risen, is the benefits so important that we can overlook the disadvantages brought about due to the policy?
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